Before he capitulated to the cancer that lay siege to his throat behind the warring fog of cigar smoke, a lethal Anaconda Plan executed to precision, cutting off air, squeezing and suffocating his lungs, the victorious general of Shiloh, Vicksburg, and Appomattox reflected on his life, penned his memoirs, handed them unceremoniously to Mark Twain, then unconditionally surrendered. U.S. Grant fought to end slavery though he’d owned slaves once himself.
“The herdsmen wandering by the lonely rills, marks where they lie on the scarred mountain flanks. Remembering that mild morning when the hills shook to the roar of guns, and those wild Franks surged upward from the sea.” –The ANZAC Book As morning broke on Sunday April 25th 1915, Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC), British, French, Indian, Irish, and Senegalese troops awoke before the sun to prepare for
One hundred years ago this spring, the American Expeditionary Forces entered World War I under the command of General John J. “Black Jack” Pershing, who had also led the famous 10th Cavalry Regiment of African-American “Buffalo Soldiers” during the Indian wars and the Spanish-American conflict. In fact, “Black Jack,” his nickname, was initially an insult leveled against him for leading African-American troops. However, while many people may know these and
Colorado has always been a destination of interest, and for good reason. Today, tourists and outdoorsmen flood in from every corner of the world, eager for adventure. The 19th century was no different, as pioneering men and women settled in the Western Territories. Gold was a big motivator, and the California Gold Rush made men into millionaires. In 1891, Winfield Scott Stratton discovered gold in Colorado’s Pikes Peak region. The
A Testament to a Legacy Continued from: Part 1: “A Test of Faith” Part 2: “Independence and Influence” Winfield Scott Stratton, America’s richest man and Colorado’s Mining King, was at the top of his game in 1899. The Independence Mine, the source of his sudden wealth, was producing about a million dollars a month (yes, you read that right) and Stratton had decided to do something crazy—sell it. Stratton’s life
Independence and Influence Continued from: Part 1: “A Test of Faith” As dawn broke on July 4, 1891, Winfield Scott Stratton stood upon his two claims near Victor, Colorado: the Washington and the Independence, named to commemorate the date on which they were claimed. Leslie Popejoy, who had grubstaked Stratton the $275 it cost for the claims, had taken off for Denver after Stratton bought out his share. How did